Craniomaxillofacial SurgeryCraniomaxillofacial surgery is a highly specialized branch of surgery to treat all aspects of complicated facial and skull reconstruction.Many congenital deformities and deformities caused by accidents, which were not correctable in the past can be corrected now. Many of such patients can lead absolutely normal lives with the help of proper treatment.

This specialty deals with problems caused by congenital deformities, diseases, and injuries in the head, neck, face, jaws, and tissues of oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region. The patients who need Craniomaxillofacial surgeries include children with cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis, or other malformations of the face, or trauma victims whose facial skeleton has been severely disrupted by the injury, or adults who have undergone tumor ablative surgery involving the skull.Craniomaxillofacial surgeons also treat complex soft tissue like hemangiomas, facial tumors, vascular malformations, Bell’s palsy, and severe facial scarring. Sometimes, craniomaxillofacial surgeon has to deal with jaw problems including TMJ disorders (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders), tumors, and abnormal growth patterns which require mandibular and maxillary reconstruction.

Each craniomaxillofacial case is unique and needs customized course of treatment. Frequent problems in this regard are the following:

  • Cleft lip
  • Cleft palate
  • Craniosynostosis (a condition due to premature closure of the cranial sutures, the soft spot  on an infant’s skull, interfering with normal skull growth and brain function)
  • Hemifacialmicrosomia (a condition where one side of the face is underdeveloped which  affects the mouth, ears and jaw)
  • Vascular malformations (birthmarks that may cause functional problems)
  • Deformational plagiocephaly (a misshaped head)

In many instances, a craniomaxillofacial surgeon is a member of craniomaxillofacial surgery team, or requires the help of surgeons from other medical specialties. These helpful medical specialties include:

  1. A neurosurgeon
  2. A dentist
  3. An orthodontist
  4. A speech therapist
  5. An otolaryngologist
  6. A psychologist
  7. A geneticist
  8. An ophthalmologist
  9. A nurse coordinator and feeding specialist
  10. A pediatrician
  11. An oncologist
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